Historical background

Venous diseases have been known since ancient times, as shown by Greek vases with images of compressive bandages.

Even in earlier times in the Ebers Papyrus (1550 BC) describes therapeutic techniques. Esclepion´s table shows a varicose vein.

But the anatomy and physiology of blood circulation was little known and misunderstood for a long time.

Galen and Hippocrates believed that the arteries (carrying the air) were the only vessels that arose from the heart and the veins in the liver.

In the early seventeenth century, in 1603, 'From venarum ostiolis "Fabricius de Aquapendente accurately describes the valvular apparatus of the veins, but it is right to describe its function.

Also appears that Baptista Canano had already made a similar description (1541).

These studies were the basis for further description of the organization of the cardiovascular system, completed by his pupil William Harvey. In 1661, Malpighian discovers the capillary circulation, completing the anatomical representation of the circulatory system.

Knowledge of physiology run parallel to the anatomical knowledge. The theories of Galen dominated medical thinking until the Renaissance.

It was after the discovery of Harvey when he began experimental research, giving their first results in the eighteenth century, when Petit develops his studies on haemostasis, Haller on the mechanisms of heart and return to the Valsalva and Spallanzani on circulatory dynamics.

The statement of the fundamental laws of hemodynamics is due mainly to Hagen and Poiseuille (1839 and 1841, respectively).

The study of venous pathology developed in a fairly slow. Over the centuries various theories down to try to explain both the etiology of varicose veins as varicose ulcers, some more ridiculous than the others. In this connection mention should be made to authors such as Ambrose Pare (1579), Fernel (1604), Barbette (1675) ...

The term varicose ulcer is due to Wiseman (1676). From the fourteenth to the seventeenth century many therapeutic attempts happen on varicose ulcers, especially with compression measures, also attributed therapeutic effects of various substances: wine, ointments ...

The surgical treatment of varicose disease emerges at the end of XIX. Trendelenburg (1880) performed multiple ligatures. The first stripper is attributed to Keller (1905). In May 1906 make your own stripper fitted with a small ring on one end. Babcock (1907) incorporates long metal probes olive provided at their ends.

A significant event in the history of Phlebology is the first use in 1923 of contrast media for visualization of the venous system.

 
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